People who have had mouth ulcers understand the pain and discomfort they can cause. Eating becomes almost impossible because whatever you try to swallow goes down pretty painfully. Stress plays a significant role in these ulcers affecting the mouth and malnutrition. The actual cause of mouth ulcers varies according to person. These ulcers are often benign sores that appear at the base of the gum or inside the mouth. Sometimes, they can appear on cheeks, tongues, and lips. Mouth ulcers are usually red, yellow, white, or even grey. Although mouth ulcers are not life-threatening, they can cause extreme pain. In some situations, there can be several sores, multiplying the pain. These painful lesions can make chewing or eating food a big deal, but you can gain relief with mouth ulcer home remedies.
You will learn the following from this post:
Table of Contents
- Meaning of mouth ulcers
- What triggers mouth ulcers
- Symptoms of mouth ulcers
- Causes of mouth ulcers
- How mouth ulcers are diagnosed
- Risk factors of mouth ulcers
- Mouth ulcer home remedies
What are Mouth Ulcers?
Mouth ulcers, also called canker sores, are usually small, painful lesions that grow in your mouth and make talking, drinking, and eating uncomfortable. Adolescents, women, and people with a family history of mouth ulcers have a higher risk of developing mouth ulcers. Mouth ulcers are not contagious and usually disappear within a week or two. However, if you experience a large or extremely painful canker sore or one that lasts a long time without healing, you should consult your doctor.
What Triggers Mouth Ulcers?
There is no specific cause of mouth ulcers. However, certain elements and triggers have been identified. These factors include:
- A malfunctioning immune system makes your body attack the healthy mouth cells instead of bacteria and viruses.
- Behcet’s disease (an inflammation-causing condition that affects the entire body)
- Diabetes mellitus
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Celiac disease (a condition that makes the body unable to tolerate gluten)
Types of Mouth Ulcers
There are three types of mouth ulcers: minor, major, and herpetiform.
Minor Mouth Ulcers
Minor mouth ulcers are small oval or round ulcers that go away within a week or two without scarring.
Some of the most common symptoms associated with minor mouth ulcers include:
- small, oval-shaped bumps that appear inside the mouth
- pain when speaking, drinking, or eating
- a burning or tingling sensation
Major Mouth Ulcers
Major mouth ulcers are deeper and larger than minor mouth ulcers. The major ones have irregular edges and can take about six weeks to heal. Major canker sores can result in long-term scarring.
The symptoms of major mouth ulcers include:
- difficulty speaking, drinking, or eating
- severe pain
- burning, tingling, or inflammation
- a large, round bump within the mouth
Herpetiform Mouth Ulcers
Herpetiform mouth ulcers are pinpoint in size and often occur in clusters of 10 and 100. Herpetiform mouth ulcers often affect adults. This particular sore has irregular edges and can heal without causing a scar within a week or two.
Some possible symptoms of herpetiform mouth ulcers include:
- pain, which may worsen when talking, drinking, or chewing
- burning or tingling in the mouth
- small, pinhead-sized bumps within the mouth, which could create clusters
You should consult your doctor if you notice or develop any of the following:
- Diarrhea or high fever whenever the mouth ulcer appears
- Severe problems drinking or eating
- Pain that you cannot control with natural or over-the-counter medication
- Canker sores that extend to the lips
- Painless ores
- Sores that continue for over three weeks
- New canker sores before the old ones heal
- Unusually large canker sores
Causes of Mouth Ulcers
Scientists do not know exactly why people develop mouth ulcers, but some contributing factors might exist. These factors may include:
- weakened immune system
- medicines like beta-blockers or NSAIDs
- chronic diseases, such as ulcerative colitis or Behcet’s disease
- not enough iron
- not enough vitamin B12
- hormonal changes
- burn from hot drinks
- toothpaste with irritating ingredients
- brushing your teeth too hard
- food intolerance or allergy
- dentures that don’t fit well, rough fillings, or braces
- biting the inside of the mouth
Some medical conditions can also cause mouth ulcers – for example, celiac disease (a situation where the digestive system reacts negatively to gluten) or viral infections. You can also frequently develop mouth ulcers if you binge oily and spicy food. The deficiency of some vitamins can also cause mouth ulcers.
Who can Get Mouth Ulcers?
Anyone can develop mouth ulcers, but women are more likely to develop the condition than men, especially if they are pregnant or during their menstrual cycle. While it is possible for children to have mouth ulcers, most people experience the condition for the first time as young adults or teenagers.
People that are going through chemotherapy may also develop mouth ulcers. It can range from mild sores to severe bleeding, inflammation, ulceration, or mucositis.
Diagnosing Mouth Ulcers
You may not have to visit your doctor concerning mouth ulcers unless they are persistent, you feel unwell, or you experience other symptoms. Your doctor will take your medical and personal history and perform a physical examination to check your sores.
Your doctor may try to determine if you have large white patches on the roof of your mouth to eliminate an infection known as thrush; the doctor may also search for signs of other conditions.
Your dentist can also check your mouth and diagnose your mouth ulcers during annual cleanings and checkups.
Risks and Outlook of Mouth Ulcers
Mouth ulcers are usually not severe, and they heal on their own without treatment. However, you may need to visit your doctor if:
- your mouth ulcers become red and more painful
- they do not respond to treatment
- you experience other symptoms
- you are feeling very sick
- they keep recurring
- you have trouble drinking or eating
Mouth Ulcer Natural Treatment
You have to search your kitchen to find home remedy for mouth ulcer. Here are some excellent ingredients:
1. Apple Cider Vinegar
The next time you visit the grocer’s, do not forget to pick up a bottle of apple cider vinegar if you don’t already have one. Take a tablespoon of apple cider vinegar and dilute it with half a cup of warm water. Take this solution in your mouth and rinse with it. Keep repeating the process for a minute or two. Once you are done doing it, thoroughly rinse your mouth with plain water. For a more effective result, you can continue repeating the process every morning and evening until the mouth ulcer heals.
Apple cider vinegar contains anti-bacterial properties that will destroy the germs that cause the mouth ulcer in the first place. Apple cider vinegar will also assist in speeding up the recovery process.
Honey contains several beneficial properties. However, you may not know that it can also be effective against mouth ulcers. Apply unadulterated honey on the spot of the mouth ulcer and allow it to remain there. Since the ulcer is often in the mouth, it is safe to swallow the honey accidentally. However, for a speedy recovery, you should continue to apply honey on the spot every couple of hours.
Honey contains antimicrobial properties that can help repair any open wound on time. Besides reducing mouth ulcers, honey also protects the affected area from being infected.
3. Baking Soda Paste
Take the exact amounts of baking soda and water, mix them to form a thick paste, then apply the paste to the site of the mouth ulcer and allow it to dry. Once the mixture is dry, rinse your mouth thoroughly with water and gargle. You should do this at least three times every day.
Baking soda is a chemical compound known as sodium bicarbonate. This compound is present in several home-cleaning solutions. Baking soda also is one of the best cures for mouth ulcers because it can significantly reduce pain. The baking soda neutralizes the acid the ulcer has formed, eventually healing the condition.
4. Coconut Oil
Coconut oil is a remedy for various conditions and is a popular choice across most of India. However, few people know about its healing properties against mouth ulcers. Rub a bit of coconut oil on the spot of the ulcer and allow it to remain there. You can also apply coconut oil to the spot while sleeping at night. Like honey, coconut oil has antimicrobial properties that can help naturally reduce ulcers. The same antimicrobial compound can also act as an anti-inflammatory and analgesic treatment against mouth ulcers. Applying the oil can decrease the pain caused by mouth ulcers.
Mix a tablespoon of salt in a drinking glass of lukewarm water. Gargle thoroughly with this liquid. When you are done, you can also gargle with plain water to eliminate the salty taste in your mouth. With this process, you can soothe some of the discomfort and pain you experience from a mouth ulcer. The antiseptic properties that salt has been known globally.
Few to no people knew that toothpaste could be effective against mouth ulcers. However, a good toothpaste has antimicrobial properties that can reduce the pain and swelling of mouth ulcers. Apply the toothpaste by using a Q-tip. Make sure you cover the entire region of the ulcer with toothpaste. Allow the paste to remain for a few minutes before rinsing it off. You can continue applying the toothpaste every day until you notice that the whiteness has disappeared from the ulcers. However, putting toothpaste directly on the mouth ulcer can be pretty painful. You can offset this pain by applying aloe vera to the region.
7. Orange Juice
Orange is an incredible source of vitamin C, which can prevent and improve mouth ulcers. However, consuming an entire orange can be painful when you experience these ulcers. Consuming two glasses of freshly-squeezed orange juice is an excellent cure for mouth ulcers.
Research has indicated that deficiency of vitamin C can cause mouth ulcers. Besides this, vitamin C can help boost a person’s immunity, allowing their body to fight diseases and infections.
8. Clove Oil
Clove is an integral part of one of the most popular spice mixes in India, Garam Masala. Clove oil comes from the flower bud. This clove oil is effective for many home remedies, including mouth ulcers and toothache. In the case of mouth ulcers, take a small piece of cotton and dab the oil directly into the ulcer. Continue dabbing until the ulcer tissue takes in the oil.
Do not forget to rinse your mouth with warm water before applying the clove oil. The warm water will help clean up the surface of the ulcer region. Clove has antimicrobial and eugenol properties that can fight off all oral issues. The inflammation and pain can also be treated with clove oil.
9. Coconut Milk
Gargle with coconut milk whenever you are suffering from mouth ulcers. Coconut milk is one of the best cures for mouth ulcers. Repeating the process three to four times each day will most likely feel a soothing effect and decrease the pain from the ulcer.
10. Turmeric Powder
Turmeric is used in almost all Indian dishes due to its antiseptic properties. Besides fighting infections, turmeric can also help fight against pain and inflammation from mouth ulcers. Turmeric powder contains antimicrobial properties as well. Mix a bit of turmeric powder with a little water to form a thick paste. Apply the paste to the region of the ulcers each morning and evening. Leave it there for a few minutes before rinsing it off properly. You should begin to notice the difference immediately.
Mouth ulcers can be excruciating and uncomfortable, and they may be a result of various factors. Most mouth ulcers heal independently without treatments, but the pain it takes can be so painful that it might seem like the ulcers may never heal. However, several mouth ulcer home remedies can soothe the symptoms, along with several techniques you can employ to prevent them from occurring in the first place.
However, let your doctor know if your mouth ulcers have not healed after a few weeks or if you notice that you are beginning to develop more severe complications or symptoms.
Which Essential Oils are Good for Mouth Ulcers?
Myrrh, Lavender, and Peppermint essential oils are some well-known and influential oils that are good for mouth ulcers.
What are the Symptoms of Mouth Ulcer?
Bumps inside the mouth, severe pain, Loss of appetite, problems while brushing, difficulty eating, swallowing, etc., are some common symptoms of mouth ulcers.
What are the Supplements that are Good for Mouth Ulcers?
Honey, Mulethi Powder, Triphala, Mishri, Camphor, Coconut oil, Ghee, etc., are some of the best supplements for mouth ulcer patients.
The information contained in this post is for educational purposes only. Always consult your primary care doctor before using the remedies that are provided. The information is provided by The Hidden Cures and while we do timely, in-depth research on the information that we provide to you, everything stated may not be up to date or accurate from the time it was written.